FROM 200 TO 300 %.

By G. G. Ivanenko
Technical Director of the IER Company

Yearly some 9 billion tones of conventional fuel are burned worldwide. generating more than 20 billion tones of carbon dioxide and 700 million tones of other products as dust. gases. vapors; 13 billion tones of oxygen are thus consumed. The greatest quantity of the heat developed goes in the atmosphere. This resulted in a 10% decrease of the surface of the snow cover of our planet. And this process will continue because the quantity of the fuel used is constantly increasing.
The losses of energy on the transport - are paid by the consumer!

Nuclear stations - 68%
Gas - steam of station - 44%
Thermal power stations - 25%
Stations working on liquid fuel - 13%
Heating devices VIP - 0%


It is based on the use of the internal energy of water.
It is used as a highly efficient source of energy in the VIP devices.
A VIP device is made of:
  • A pump which is an electrical energy consumer;
  • A thermal generator;
  • A boiler of hot water (if necessary).
    The necessary power of the VIP devices depends on the quantity of thermal energy to be produced. (from 3 to 150 kW and even more)
    This device is aimed for the heating and warm water supply of homes. public and other buildings. and it is positioned directly at the place of use.
    Also can including on objects with existing systems of a convective heating. In process of the further functioning the device VIP. occurs. absolutely safe. ultrasonic removing the hard precipitation. so-called "water stone". inwardly pipes and adjusting armature existing systems of a convective heating that prolongs functioning the system in 2-3 times.
    It is possible to use a "cascade" of VIP devices. i.e. 2. 3. or more for one site and this warrants great advantages in comparison to the existing systems of heating and water supply. There are avoided the costs and expenses for the construction and equipment of the heating stations. also the cost of the work necessary to connect the user to the supplier via pipes under the earth and there are no thermal losses along the pipes(Money from a pocket of the consumer).


    PHOTO 1. Devices VIP-1-7.5. working without use of fuel.

  • The VIP devices do not contain any high temperature heating elements because they use the direct conversion of electrical energy in thermal energy.
  • The method of converting electrical energy in heat is based on fluctuating vacuum in the condition of intense cavitation and on the use of the energy of the water molecules.
  • The cavitating region of the flux is not in direct contact with the constructive details of the device and this fact is a guarantee of the long working life of the VIP device.
  • The coefficient of performance of the electrical energy in thermal energy is (depending on the conditions of utilization) up to 300%.
  • The VIP devices are working remarkably well with the classical systems of heating . as: a) convective; b) air-ventilation; c) floor heating. The highest coefficients of performance are obtained for the cases b) and c). Fine work heating devices VIP with units similar GEA "Sahara" (see the PHOTO 2.). In kit with devices VIP in winter period units "Sahara" provide comfortable. cheap. heat in greater volume. but summer period. under unplugged devices VIP. unit "Sahara" is used. as ventilator. chiller and filter a peelings of air.
  • The non-traditional approach to the velocity of the heat carrier (its increase) and the decrease of the Δt between the outlet and inlet allows the avoidance of the high temperatures in the entrance part of the heating system. leads to increased values of the heat transfer of the heating units and assures an uniform heating.
  • The possibility to use cheap steel pipes in the heating systems instead of the expensive ones made of corrosion-resistant materials is due to the processes which take place in the VIP devices which are slowing up corrosion inside pipes and are increasing the active life of the devices 2--3 times.
  • The construction of the VIP devices is based on the most modern application of the field of unitary quantum physics.
  • The processes occurring in the thermal generator. are absolutely ecologically clean and in some times reduce consumption of electrical energy in comparison with other electroheating devices and installations. at very low cost of the thermal generator.
  • Today. without fuel heating devices working on a principle of the thermal generator. called huge interest many world structures and power services. as far as. except for the unique consumer possibilities. the devices have no harmful emissions in an atmosphere. that allows in the long term to decide a global ecological problem - improvement of a climate on a planet.

    NEW! Ultrasonic resonance amplifier of cavitation now are completed tests. A ultrasonic resonance amplifier of a cavitation - the unobstructive device, represents the cabinet consisting of several nickeliferous magnetostrictive emitters, included in the magnetohydrodynamic generator and component with it a uniform resonance circuit working on one resonant frequency with the generator. In result, under certain conditions, the power of a cavitation on a unit volume handled fluid - is incremented by 200-300 % at magnification of power consumption at 2-3 %, that will allow to increase EFFICIENCY of thermal installation, in some times.


    I. Devices working on the principle of thermal generation can effective use for the disinfection of water (destruction of all kinds of bacteria) and preparation of water for all kinds of household and technological purposes.

  • No chemical reagents are necessary (as chlorine. copper sulfate).
  • The devices can perfectly be used for supplies by drinking and hot water of hospitals. children's structures. hotels. swimming-pools of any assignment. private houses. bath and so on. Also have advantage before existing systems: longevity. energy of an expense is less in 3-4 times. simultaneously disinfecting. filtration. softening and warming of water up to temperature +95°C. The device executes a complete complex of measures. which are not present in analogues of European firms of the manufacturers. The diverse equipment for reception of results. which have available device VIP at European manufacturers has costs up to 50 000 USD. Use for these purposes of chlorine and copper sulfate renders negative influence on a skin. especially of women and children.
  • There is not more danger associate with the use of liquid chlorine in urban areas.
  • There is not more necessary to use high voltages and expensive metals as in the case of water sterilization by ionization.
  • There is a water softening as a result of crystallization of salts and sedimentation them in special settling tanks.
  • The water is actively de-aerated.
  • The method/device can be applied to steam boilers for preparation of water. while due to the special construction of the device it arises the possibility of secondary (cyclic) use of the drain water. saturated with salts.

    II. Heating of liquids during the railway transport in tank cars.

    The device comprises an axis for driving power (cardan axis. a belt transmission) for the pump positioned under the tank car and a thermal generator located inside the tank car.When the train is moving. the mechanical energy is transmitted directly from the pair of wheels being transformed in thermal energy by the thermal generator Thus:
  • There are not necessary special heating elements or heat exchangers.
  • It is no danger of igniting the combustible liquids as petroleum or oils.
  • The liquid is very actively mixed by cavitation.
  • The technologically harming components are coagulated (in petroleum-- heavy paraffin's. sulfur) and can be removed from the sedimentation basin of the tank.
  • It is not more necessary to use steam for the discharge of highly viscous liquids as crude oil during the winter time.
  • The heating process is perfectly ecologically clean and there is no risk of explosions.
  • It is possible to heat different classes of liquids (oil products. alkaline and/or acid liquids).
  • The existing tank cars can be easily and rapidly adapted.
  • The heating process can be controlled (by connecting an electromagnetic coupling to the power transmitting axis).

    III. Heating of the passenger railway cars.

  • There is not more necessary to use costly transformers for converting the high voltage current in low voltage current with great losses.
  • The new systems are cost-effective and have excellent performances in use.
  • The modernization of the existing railway cars is easy and does not cost much.
  • As the speed of the train increases. the heat losses are increasing too; however in the case of the new devices. this is fully compensated by the increase of the heat generated. depending on the number of revolutions of the axis of the pump.
  • The heating system of the railway cars can be filled with any non-freezing liquid. thus overcoming the exploitation of the cars including their still-stand in the winter season.
  • These systems of heating can be used not only in the case of railway transport. but also in any cases where a form of mechanical energy can replace electrical energy for processing in thermal energy.

    IV. Broad range of uses for the devices working on the principle of thermal generation in the chemical industry.

  • Heating in mild conditions of the liquids with simultaneous mixing.
  • Manufacture of stable emulsions (gasoline-water. oil-water. mercury-water etc.) without the use of chemical emulgators. given that the mixing takes place at the molecular level. thus warranting a long life of the emulsion.
  • Addition and metering of one component of the emulsion by injection (allow the construction of a device).

    V. Use of devices with a principle of work of the thermal generator in wineries.

  • By circulating the wine through the loop of the generator. a rapid fermentation takes place. which allows to decrease the passing time of the wine ten times.

    VI. Use of devices with a principle of work of the thermal generator in agriculture.

  • The water processed in the thermal generator. if used in irrigation. improves the germination of the plants and their following development. due to the transformation of the water molecules with formation of the groups OH. HOOH.

    Based on the coefficient of performance. the simpleness of the construction. on its low cost. ecological friendly character- when compared with other heating devices. working according to the Carnot cycle. the VIP machine has presently unmatched advantages and priorities.


    PHOTO 2. Device VIP-1-7.5 (with the heat insulation removed) for heating homes and buildings the way hot air - ventilating. Efficiency of transformation of electrical energy in thermal ~ 300%

    PHOTO 3. Device VIP-1-7.5 for heating and for hot water supply for homes and buildings the convective methods.
    1 -2 The VIP-1-7.5 device (with the heat insulation removed).
    3. Boiler.
    4. Gas inlet and dismantled gas boiler with power of 10 kW.
    5. Feeding and return of the heat carrier for the second floor. for heating of radiators.The total area of a warmed building 170 sq. m. The temperature water in the boiler and the radiators is 85 °C.

    PHOTO 4. The VIP-1-3P device. Device heating with the shipped generator and pump with the motor by of nominal power of 3 kW.

    2002. Basic improvement in installations VIP. The new design decisions which have allowed to achieve of higher results. Positive features: the dimensional least sizes from all series of the previous development, minimum cost price, COP (2,4 - 2,6), high reliability, simplicity of assembly and installation, modern design. One of features of the given design is the selection of optimum pressure (laden) = 10-15 Atmospheres, that has allowed precisely to correct the resonant phenomena.

    VIP s

    Refueling station, city of Dnepropetrovsk Refueling station. The installation VIP serves for heating objects and supplies hot water (above installation, tank of 140 litres of water)
    Refueling station, city of Dnepropetrovsk Refueling station. The installation VIP serves for heating objects and supplies hot water (above installation, tank of 140 litres of water)

    1. Name of invention - Thermal generator. Name without fuel thermal device - VIP-1-0-0.
    2. Use
    It is used for the heating and hot water-supply of private homes. offices. schools. hospitals. public and industrial buildings practically any area.
    3. Structure
    The VIP-1-0-0. devices comprises:
    A) Thermal generator (all the dimension in accordance to the European norms.
    B) High pressure centrifugal pump of the vertical type.
    C) Thermally insulated body.
    D) Control system.
    4. Working principle.
    The working principle is based on the use of the renewable energy of the water (In one cubic meter of water. contains 2109 GJ energy (academician D. Kh. Baziev. Basics of unitary physics - 1994).). the transformation of the scalar discharges. as well as of the low temperature thermal energy of water in higher temperature energy with coefficients of performance from 2 to 3. depending from the method of heating (convective. with forced circulation of air. floor heating).
    5. Characteristics
    Installed power consumption (kW) - on a requirement specification of the customer. The generators are made on the appropriate parameters of the pump with the motor. and without fuel thermal device VIP can have installed power consumption from 3 kW up to 150 kW.
    The Example.
    Nominal power 7.5 kW;
    Rotation speed of the motor 2950 r.p.m;
    Feeding current 380V. 50 Hz;
    Maximum admissible temperature of the heat carrier in the thermal generator 95°C;
    Thermal efficiency of device (t) - up to 20 kW;
    Working regime- automatic;
    Size. mm Height 1350 × breadth 400 × length 700
    Mass 120 kg
    6. Scheme of principle for the connections.
    Scheme of principle for the connections.

    7. Testing of the device was accomplished at the following units:
    1. Donetsk town. the Institute for Design. Construction and Technology "Gazoaparat".
    The testing center "Gazoaparat"
    Protocol P-OVA-19/96 Testing of fuel-less heating device TB-2-6.9 TU U 240070270. 001-96(are entered for the first time). Registered in State Committee of Ukraine on standardization and metrology 13. 06. 1996. No 086/003488.
    2. Kiev . Scientific Productive company "Holod"- testing stand.
    3. Bratislava AM-30 company- testing stand.
    4. Previdza VANSOFT company- testing stand.
    5. Kosice Gorizont company- testing stand
    8. Where it works:
    It works in the following towns: Kiev. Donetsk. Kramatorsk. Perevalsk. Poltava. Selidovo. Lugansk. Feodosia. Cherkassy.
    9. The effect on the environment:
    It is absolutely environmentally friendly regarding all its working parameters.
    10. Guaranteed working time of the thermal generator - 25 years.
    Unique develop from the company INTERENERGORESURS.
    (For effective drilling of profound and super profound bore hole)

    Scheme of using the Hydrodynamic acoustic vibrator

    The operating principle of the hydrodynamic acoustic vibrator consists in following: Flush fluid, being moved by a pump, goes through the hydrodynamic acoustic vibrator, which one converts a liquid flow into a stream pulsating in an axial direction and creates vibration accelerations and considerable pressure pulsations on a footpad of a drilling straight bit. The frequencies of vibration accelerations and pressure pulsations depend on velocity of a stream in the vibrator and lay in limits from 500 up to 15000 Hz. The vibrator works simultaneously on three base frequencies. Thus, the conditions, considerably increasing productivity of drilling (up to 60% in comparison with conventional methods), and improving ware resistance of drilling tool are created. The construction of the vibrator allows to regulate frequency range pursuant to requirements of drilling and to construct hydrodynamic acoustic vibrators for any diameters of wells. Note. 1 kilometer of drilling of chinks, costs $ 1 000 000.

    Pressure pulsations oscillogram.

    Pressure pulsations oscillogram.

    The director of the company IER, author of the invention of G. G. Ivanenko (at the left)
    and leading engineer of the company Igor Suslov, demonstrate a novelty.

    The director of the company IER, author of the invention of G. G. Ivanenko (at the left) and leading engineer of the company Igor Suslov, demonstrate a novelty.

    Development IER in this area - high-frequency pulse puncher (vibrator) - has allowed to increase speed of drilling on 61 of % at reduction of deterioration boring adjutage up to 37 %.
    Perspective direction in this area is developed by the employees IER the system of acoustic tracking behind a condition of the chisel tool, and also automatic control of submission of a chisel solution depending on depth of drilling, for increase of EFFICIENCY of the high-frequency pulse puncher.
    On preliminary accounts this system will allow to increase speed of drilling for 25-30 % with the appropriate reduction of time by replacement of the chisel tool.

    Analysis of Effectiveness of Use of Over-rig Generator IER - ORION


    Huge range of opportunities of use: pharmacology. technology polymeric. pesticideses. food industry. cosmetics. perfumery. mixing of oils with additives. manufacturing of different grades of petrol and so on.
    The working principle of this device is the passing of the components to be mixed through an active cavitation zone. By this means. dispersions (emulsions) with uniform particle size distributions are obtained. for maximum dispersity. concentration in weight and stability.
    A new feature of the process is the simultaneous action of acoustic oscillations of different frequencies. thus improving the control of the particle sizes of the emulsions manufactured in this way. The simultaneous application of different acoustic oscillations is enhancing the erosive activity of the cavitation zones. is increasing turbulence and the speed of the waves- all these factors being determinant for the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of building emulsions. This method allows a significant decrease of the energy consumption in comparison to the usual methods based on magnetostriction and piezoelectricity. Both direct. hydrophile (e.g. kerosene in water) and inverted. oleophile emulsions (water in kerosene) can be thus obtained. An effect of enhancing was established for apolar reagent emulsions by treating the initial dispersions obtained at low frequency oscillations with supplementary oscillations in the MegaHertz range. in a pre-cavitational regime.

    Petroleum - consisting from strong molecules, heterogeneous liquid, which molecules at atmospheric pressure and normal temperature are difficultly focused. Thus, the energetically favourable balance of intermolecular and external forces is reached. At appendix to petroleum of external pressure a little hundred of atmospheres, molecule polarization, counteracting external forces, saving balance of system. If external pressure sharply to remove, the internal forces will begin to break off macromolecules on more small-sized components, thus density decreases.
    This principle is fixed in a basis of processing of petroleum and petroleum in the hydrodynamical generator of ultrasonic fluctuations (further in the text the generator).
    The flow of petroleum, passing through the generator, will be transformed from laminarnes to a flow with come off cavitation, which feature is that micro burst large cavitation of formations occurs at centre of a flow of a liquid, and process is strictly periodic. The frequency of following of pulses is caused by speed of a flow and geometrical parameters of the generator and is in an interval from 500 up to 25 000 Hz. The pressure in a pulse can exceed pressure on an input in the generator at 10-15 of time.
    All flow of petroleum passes through a zone highly effective cavitation. At micro burst cavitation bladders for very short time (less than 1 micro second) temperature reaches some thousand degrees Celsius and the pressure more than 1000 atm. develops.
    Thus, is direct in a flow there are conditions for processing petroleum and petroleum, which have been mentioned above. Owing to the large stability of working frequencies the high uniformity of a ready product is reached, that it is impossible to realize at thermal cracking. It is necessary to note, that the given technology allows not dehydrate crude petroleum, which contains up to 20 % of water, and, subjecting her to effect ultrasonic cavitation to involve in a number of chemical reactions presenting to formation of spirits, simple and complex ethers, thus are increased heat of property of fuel at decrease of his cost price.
    The similar processes occur in case of application of the generator in installation for mixture of initial petrol to the various additives. The various types of petrol, passing through the generator, not only change the properties, but also mix up with additives at a molecular level, that considerably improves operational qualities of mixes because of their uniformity and stability to a stratification.
  • Basic technical characteristics
  • Frequency range 500 Hz 25000 Hz;
  • Intensity 2-5 W/cm2 2-5;
  • Pressure at the entrance in the device. atm. 30;
  • Productivity 2000 kg/hour;

  • Skeleton hydraulic scheme.

    Skeleton hydraulic scheme.

    The line for deriving stable emulsions operates as follows: The delivery pumps DP give gasoline of low octane number from vessel 1 and gasoline additive from vessel 2 (there may be several vessels with gasoline additives) through batch meters B into an input of a high-pressure pump , which one ensures operation of a premix chamber M, where the components are carefully mixed, and hydrodynamic ultrasonic generator HAG, which one by means of vibrations in an acoustical and ultrasonic frequency range (from 500-25000 Hz), leads up mixture to a homogeneous state at a molecular level in the cavitation chamber . The flow meter F controls an output of a finished product in the storage vessel 3.

    Asbestos. mica. gypsum. hematite. sulfur. graphite. coal. zircon. dolomite. microcline and so on. Productivity of installation at a comminuting of chalk in pulp up to 0.5-1 microns, at a relation 50/50 (the dry chalk / water), makes 1 meter cubic of pulp at one hour at energy consumptions of 5.5 kW.
    In many countries, are accepted the governmental programs for energetic, in the field of burning coal. The scientists of America, Canada and other countries, make search of technology of crushing of minerals, in particular coal, up to the sizes 20-30 microns, for the decision of a basic opportunity, improvements of processes of combustion and reduction of volumes of oxides of nitrogen and carbon.
    The existing technologies - largest energy-intensive also are not of interest.
    Our technology - practical decision of a task, improvement of the economic and ecological characteristics of coal boiler, that most is favourable to rehabilitation of out-of-date power stations.
    Is developed and is tested cavitations dispergator, allowing crushing coal up to 25 microns truncation of the form, with add a little of water directly ahead of burning in injector of the boiler. This method of burning allows receiving the maximal feedback on calorie content with a minimum quantity of harmful emissions in an atmosphere. Ecology of reception of a thermal energy is increased on 50-60 of %.
    Fuel oil (Petroleum) + water directly ahead of burning in injector is developed dispergation, of a similar principle of action for reception water suspension black oil, that will allow to receive; the maximal return on calorie content to COP incineration on 25-30 of % with reduction of harmful emissions in an atmosphere on 50-60 of %.
    One of perspective should count process of a ultrasonic refinement of mineral suspensions. The research works of last years have shown. That basically. This process occurs to application of cavitation erosion.
    The efficiency of a destroying operation of a ultrasonics on solid particles in a water ambience essentially depends on a lot of the factors: Properties of a fluid. In which the handling. Temperature of fluid. Intensity and frequency of a ultrasonics. Duration of handling. From hardness. Homogeneity and porosity of crushed particles. The selectivity of a destroying operation of a ultrasonics with reference to separate materials is explained to their reagent resistance etc. It explains selectivity of a destroying operation of a ultrasonics with reference to separate materials at ultrasonic handling suspensions. their powering up. The most effectively dispersing operation of a ultrasonics is shown at low frequencies about 18-22 KHz. It is explained to that in low-frequency ultrasonic fields the cavitations arises at considerably smaller intensity. The destruction of solid particles in aqueous suspensions is promoted also by accelerations originating under an operation of a ultrasonics: The acoustical wave. Circulating a solid particle. Calls in different points its different on magnitude and sign of acceleration. That results in origin of forces aspiring to tear a particle.
    The ultrasonics can be utillized for a refinement of homogeneous and inhomogeneous materials. This method possible to splits fibers of asbestos, to crush up to a colloidal state mica, gypsum, hematite, sulfur, graphite and coal.
    Cavitation toughness of materials measured in a wide frequency band and intensities of ultrasound. Was established. that the cavitation toughness of a material depends on its brittleness. cohesion of the material. chemical composition. fineness of grains and from parameters of its ultrasonic processing. The carried out calculations have shown. That at use of an combined method for a dispersion of some difficultly crushed materials in 2-3 times the time of their processing is reduced. And the power charges decrease in 1.5-2 times. In some cases for intensification of process of a dispersion it is useful to combine their ultrasonic processing with low-frequency. The process of splitting of asbestic fibres in a ultrasonic field with padding imposing on him(it) of fluctuations by frequency 1-2 Hz and amplitude was observed which without ultrasounds did not cause seen deformations of an asbestic fibre.
    By one of the most perspective ways of a refinement of materials - their ultrasonic handling under heightened static pressure. With the help of this method it is possible to increase speed of destruction of materials many times over. Was counted up. that at amplitude of oscillations of an emitter 6 microns and static pressure 5 atmospheres the degree of cavitational destruction of materials raises in 20 times. And at amplitude of oscillations of an emitter 30 microns and pressure 15 atmospheres - more than in 200 times in comparison by cavitational destruction at normal pressure.
    So with the help of a ultrasonics under heightened static pressure grinded in an aqueous medium of a particle of titanium dioxide. The cavitational fracture of particles achieved a maxima at static pressure 3 atmospheres and temperature of a suspension of 60 degrees Celsius. In this case size of obtained particles did not exceed 1 micron. And the content of a fraction 0.5-0.7 microns was not less than 50 %.
    The influence of heightened static pressure (4-5 atmospheres) on a degree of dispersion of materials was examined. Object of study carry out with aqueous suspensions of the crushed chrome, oxide of aluminum, magnesium oxide, disulphide of cadmium, dioxide of zirconium and some other materials. The highest dispersibility was obtained at ultrasonic handling of an oxide of aluminum.
    As a result of ultrasonic dispergation the usual contents of shallow fractions considerably grows in comparison with starting. In a suspension there are no particles more largly than 0.30-0.35 microns. which in a starting product make the basic fraction. Simultaneously with it in a obtained suspension there are about 20 % of particles by the size 0.15 microns, whereas in a starting material of a particle of such size were absent, or contained in very small amount.
    In tab. No 1 the dependence of speed of ultrasonic dispergation of materials on their physical properties is given.
    Table No 1. Dependence of speed of dispergation on hardness. fragility and cohesion of the material.
    Mineral Constant speed
    of cavitation erosion
    of mg/min
    Cavitation toughness
    (concerning a talcum)
    Mineralogical hardness
    (on A. G. Betehtin)
    (on A. G. Betehtin)
    Cohesion of the material
    (on A. G. Betehtin)
    Talcum 7.7 1 1 - Rather perfect
    Galenite 7.43 1.04 2-3 Is fragile Same
    Glauconite 7.0 About 1.1 2-3 ** Usually is absent
    Dolomite 2.66 2-9 3.5-4 - Perfect
    Hornblende 2.1 3.67 5.5-6 Is fragile Same
    Apatite 1.74 4.42 5 ** Imperfect
    Olivine 1.0 7.7 6.5-7 - Average or imperfect
    Albite 0.81 9.5 6-6.5 Is fragile Perfect
    Zircon 0.77 10.0 7-8 - It is found out rather seldom
    Microcline 0.73 10.6 6-6.5 - Perfect
    Oligoclaz 0.70 11.0 6-6.5 - Same
    Labrador 0.66 11.7 6-6.5 - Usually is absent
    Garnet 0.64 12 6.5-7 - Is absent or rather imperfect
    Quartz 0.5 14 7 - Same
    We complete laboratory researches on technology of ultrasonic crushing of firm particles in water medium, on which the destruction of firm particles in an acoustic field occurs as follows. In the beginning, under action of ultrasound, is maximum are dispersed bulgings edges and sharp corners of particles having small hardness. The destruction fragile intergrown pieces results in destruction of more solid grains first minutes of ultrasonic influence. After that the selective abrasion of a material is observed, and the particles coal, chalk(small-sized), and so on, get spherical the form with the size; coal up to 25 - 30 microns, chalk(small-sized) up to 0,1 - 0,3 microns. The received size of particles and way of crushing at significant reduction of power expenses allow to speak, that the industry receives new necessary technology. The technology of crushing is used; in energetic, in manufacture glased tile, at manufacturing a new substitute of a natural tree - plates MTF, linoleum, porcelain, ceramics, varnishes, paints etc.

    Patent for invention No 37410A, September 16,1998, Ukraine.
    Patent for useful model No 96114263, December 25,1997, Ukraine.
    Patent for invention No 283365, April 7,2003, Slovakia.
    Patent for useful model No 2689, July 14,2000, Slovakia.

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